Academics

Course Descriptions

BIOLOGY (BIO) AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (ENV) COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

 

BIO 101. Principles of Biology. (4)

An introduction to the major areas of biology including scientific method, cells, reproduction and development, Mendelian genetics, evolution, and biotechnology. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Designed for the non-major.  BIO 101, BIO 121, or BIO 130 can be taken to satisfy the Core Curriculum requirement, Area D, but only one may count for such.  Required of all Early Childhood and Elementary Education majors. Offered every semester.

BIO 102. Diversity of Life. (4)

A study of the structure, function, reproduction and ecology of plants and animal. Emphasis will be on relationships to humans, both biologically and economically. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Designed for the non-major. Offered at departmental discretion.

BIO 110. Human Heredity. (3)

Prerequisite: BIO 101 or permission of instructor.

A non-laboratory course with emphasis on the transmission and expression of genetic information in humans. Topics include: introduction to Mendelian and molecular genetics; mutation and the genetic code; sex determination; hereditary disorders and genetic counseling; genetic aspects of intelligence and behavior; and the implications of genetic technology. Designed for any student with an interest in human heredity. Offered spring semester.

BIO 111. Latin and Greek Bioscientific Terminology. (1)

A survey of the stem, root, bases, prefixes, and suffixes derived from both Latin and Greek, used in the formation of English biological terminology. Required of all Biology majors. Offered fall semester.

BIO 121. Biological Science. (4)

An introduction to biological science including scientific methods, biological molecules, cell structure and metabolism, genetics, taxonomy, evolution, and biotechnology. For majors and others who anticipate advanced work in biology. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week.  A student must receive a C or better in this course to continue with the Biology major. BIO 101, BIO 121, or BIO 130 can be taken to satisfy the Core Curriculum requirement, Area D, but only one may count for such. Offered fall semester.

BIO 122. Zoology. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 101 or 121 or 130 with a grade of C or better.

A general study of the animal kingdom, including invertebrates and vertebrates. Diversity, anatomy, physiology, life cycles, and classification will be emphasized. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Required for Biology major. Offered spring semester.

BIO 130. Human Biology. (4)

An introduction to the principles of biology using the human as a model organism. The course will cover biomolecules, heredity, development, structure and function of the human body, and the relationship of humans to their environment. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. BIO 101, BIO 121, or BIO 130 can be taken to satisfy the Core Curriculum requirement, Area D, but only one may count for such. Offered fall semester.


BIO 181. Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology. (4)
Prerequisite: BIO 101, 121, or 130.
A one-semester basic integrated study of the structure and function of the human body. Designed for non-science majors needing a scientific introduction to the subject. Basic chemistry and functional human anatomy and physiology at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels, as well as the relationship between form and function, will be emphasized. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. BIO 181 can be taken to satisfy the Core Curriculum requirement, Area D. BIO 181 does not count toward the biology major.  Offered fall semester.

BIO 200. Local Flora. (3)

A study of plants which collectively form the spring or summer flora of South Carolina. Work will emphasize an understanding of flower parts, plant families, and methods of using taxonomic keys to identify plants to scientific name. Included will be information on common names, ecology and economic importance of these plants. Extensive field trips within the piedmont region of the state will be an important component of the course. Offered only during summer terms.

BIO 201. Botany. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 101 or 121 or 130 with a grade of C or better.

A study of the morphology, reproduction, anatomy, physiology, and ecology of fungi and plants. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Required for Biology major. Offered fall semester.

BIO 212. Microbiology. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 101 or 121 or 130 with a grade of C or better.

A general study of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses. Topics covered will be prokaryotic cell structure, metabolism, genetics, classification, ecology, and human diseases. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Required for Biology major. Offered spring semester.

BIO 215. Human Anatomy and Physiology I. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 101, 121, or 130 with a grade of C or better.

An introductory course in the study of human structures and their functions. Three unifying themes will emphasize the complementarities of structure and function, the interrelationships among organ systems, and the function of tissues, integument, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems will be addressed. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered fall semester.

BIO 216. Human Anatomy and Physiology II. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 101, 121, or 130 with a grade of C or better.

An introductory course in the study of human structures and their functions. Three unifying themes will emphasize the complementarities of structure and function, the interrelationships among organ systems, and the homeostasis through neural and hormonal integration. The structure and function of the cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic, immune, urinary, reproductive, and endocrine systems will be addressed. Human nutrition and metabolism as it relates to these systems will also be addressed. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered spring semester.

 

BIO 301. Biochemistry I. (4)

Prerequisites: CHE 231 with a grade of C or better or permission of instructor.

This course will provide an introduction to biochemistry and cell biology, building on the fundamental concepts from biology and chemistry. The structure and function of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, nucleotides and lipids will be covered. Fundamental concepts of cellular structure and function will be reinforced. Understanding of acid-base equilibrium will be extended to biological systems. Enzyme kinetics, catabolic and anabolic pathways will be introduced. Proton, electron transport as well as oxidation- reduction will be covered. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. This course is the same as CHE 301. No credit will be awarded to students who have taken CHE 301. Offered fall semester.

BIO 302. Biochemistry II. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO/CHE 301 and BIO 331 with a grade of C or better.

Quantitative aspects of biochemistry, kinetics, thermodynamics and spectroscopy will be covered, as well as biochemical aspects of molecular genetics. Biological polymers will be covered in detail. The hormonal regulation and the integration of metabolism will be covered in detail. Methods of molecular biology will be introduced. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. This course is the same as CHE 302. No credit will be awarded to students who have taken CHE 302. Offered spring semester, odd-numbered years.

BIO 312. Virology. (3)

Prerequisite: BIO 212.

An introduction to viruses, particularly those involved with human disease. Topics to be covered include virus structure and classification, viral-host interactions, and viral replication patterns. Three lecture hours a week; no laboratory. Intended for Biology majors, particularly those with an interest in health-related professions. Offered at spring semester, odd-numbered years.

BIO 314. Histology. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 121 and 122.

Microscopic study of the fundamental tissues of the animal body; the fundamentals of histological techniques to include multiple methods of slide preparation and evaluation of slides. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered at departmental discretion.

BIO 315. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 121.

A comparison of vertebrate systems and their phylogenetic relationships. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered fall semester, odd-numbered years.

 

BIO 320. Pharmacology and Toxicology. (3)
Prerequisites: MAT 150, BIO 212 (or concurrent), and BIO 216.
A study of pharmacology and its practical application. This course is designed to acquaint the student with the basic understanding of drugs and other substances used in the treatment of disease. Emphasis will be placed on classification of drugs based on their effects and therapeutic usage, source of drugs, standards and regulations, weights and measures, conversions, labeling, and pharmacy maintenance. This course is also an introduction to pharmacological toxicology. Offered at departmental discretion.

 

BIO 321. Animal Development. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 121.

A comparative study of invertebrate and vertebrate embryonic development and morphogenesis. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years.

BIO 322. Genetics. (4)

Prerequisites: 12 hours of Biology, CHE 113.

A study of the structure, function, and inheritance of genes. Laboratory exercises will emphasize independent experimentation and statistical analysis of genetic data. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Required for Biology major. Offered spring semester.

BIO 331. Cell Biology. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 121 and accompanied or preceded by CHE 231 or permission of instructor.

A study of the structure and function of eukaryotic cells, membranes, and organelles. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Required for Biology major. Offered fall semester.

BIO 332. Economic Botany. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 201 or permission of instructor.

A study of plants and their importance to humans, including use for aesthetics, foods, spices, drinks, clothes, homes, industry, medicines, and misused drugs. Labs will include field trips. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years.

 

BIO 342. Immunology. (4)

Prerequisite: BIO 212.

Study of Immunological mechanisms of the vertebrate body to include antigen structure and types, effectors of the immune response, and control of the immune response. Immunodiagnostics, immunity to infectious agents and cancer, and disorders of the immune system will be addressed. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered fall seemster, odd-numbered years.

BIO 391. Investigative Biology. (2)

Prerequisite: BIO 122, 201, or 212.

Students will design and conduct a scientific investigation. The results of the investigation will be reported in both an oral and written report. Six laboratory hours per week. Required for students pursuing secondary level teacher certification in Biology. Offered at departmental discretion.

BIO 401. Advanced Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. (4)

Prerequisites; BIO/CHE 301 with a grade of ―C or better, or permission of instructor. Macromolecular structures and conformations will be investigated as well as methods of physical biochemistry. Protein-ligand interactions and thermodynamics will be covered. Regulation of metabolic cycles and hormones will be covered. DNA technology and methods of molecular biology will be covered in detail. The biochemistry of selected disease states will be covered in the form of case study investigations with discussions. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. This course is the same as CHE 401. No credit will be awarded to students who have taken CHE 401. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years.

BIO 402. Field Biology. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 122 and 201 or permission of instructor.

A study of field and laboratory techniques and taxonomic criteria used in studying groups of plants and animals. Labs will include field work. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered fall semester, even-numbered years.

BIO 412. Molecular Biology. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 322, CHE 231.

A study of gene structure, organization, and expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Emphasis will be placed on DNA and RNA structure; DNA replication, repair, recombination, and rearrangement; transcription, translation, RNA splicing, and the regulation of gene expression; and recombinant DNA methodology. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered at departmental discretion.

BIO 431. Ecology. (4)

Prerequisites: BIO 122 or 201, CHE 113, and MAT 150 or higher.

A study of the relationship between organisms and the environment in which they live. Labs will include field work. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered fall semester, odd-numbered years.

BIO 481. Seminar. (1)

Students will critique paper presentations by their peers enrolled in the course, current faculty members, and visiting scholars. This course will be graded pass/fail based on attendance and critiques completed. Required of all junior Biology majors. Offered spring semester.

BIO 482. Seminar. (1)

Prerequisite: BIO 481.
Students will prepare and present a paper on a topic of their choosing in consultation with a departmental faculty member. Topics may be chosen from student research or current research published in a peer reviewed journal or symposium issue (no textbooks). Students will critique papers presented by their peers, current faculty members, and visiting scholars. Required of all senior Biology majors. Offered spring semester.

BIO 491, 492. Research in Biology. (1-4, 1-4)

Prerequisite: A minimum of 3.0 GPA in science courses and permission of instructor. A scientific research project completed under the direction of a Biology faculty member. Offered on demand.

BIO 495. Internship. (2-4)

Prerequisite: Twenty hours of Biology courses.

Independent work at an off-campus location to apply college course work to a job situation, learn about a possible career and gain career related skills. Approval is required of both a Newberry College biology faculty member and an onsite supervisor. Subject to restrictions and regulations on page 62. Offered on demand.

BIO 499. Senior Essay. (1-3)

Prerequisite: A minimum of 3.0 in science courses and permission of instructor.

A scholarly research paper completed under the direction of a Biology faculty member. Subject to restrictions and regulations on page 63. Offered on demand.

 

ENV 112. Introduction to Environmental Science. (4)
A study of human related environmental problems stressing human impact on the natural world and possible solutions. The laboratory sessions will emphasize the scientific methods and critical thinking methods. Three lecture and three laboratory hours a week. Offered spring semester.  A laboratory fee of $95 is charged for this course.

ENV 220. Environmental Issues. (3)
Prerequisites: BIO 121, CHE 113, ENV 112
Lecture and discussion course related to current environmental issues as they impact natural and human modified environments. Three hours lecture per week. Required for Biology major with Environmental Studies concentration. Offered fall semester.

ENV 381. Environmental Seminar. (1)
Prerequisite: ENV 220.
Faculty and students will present and discuss scientific research and policy papers relating to a variety of environmental topics. One hour per week. Students in the Biology major with Environmental Studies concentration must take this course twice. Offered spring semester.

ENV 495. Environmental Internship. (2-4)
Prerequisites: ENV 220 and minimum 3.0 GPA in courses toward Biology major with Environmental Studies concentration.
Independent work at an off-campus location to apply college coursework to a job situation, learn about a possible career and gain career related skills. Approval is required of both a Newberry College biology faculty member and an onsite supervisor.  Subject to restrictions and regulations described in the catalog. Offered on demand.

 

This page updated July 2013.

Course Descriptions